Oxidative stress is involved in many pathophysiological processes, aging and cancer. Oxidation of DNA occurs readily at the guanosine bases and thus measurement of 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine in urine provides an assessment of ongoing oxidative damage/stress in the body. Assessment of oxidative stress is an invaluable component of preventive approaches to optimizing health and longevity.
DNA Oxidative Stress/Damage Assay (8-OHdG) requires a urine test.
Homocysteine is an amino acid that plays a role in destroying the lining of your artery walls, promoting the formation of blood clots, and also accelerates the buildup of scar tissue. High levels may increase the chance of heart disease and stroke, especially if you have other risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, smoking, or family history.
The Hemoglobin A1C test result reflects your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months. Specifically, the A1C test measures what percentage of your hemoglobin — a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen — is coated with sugar (glycated). The higher your A1C level, the poorer your blood sugar control. And if you have previously been diagnosed with diabetes, the higher the A1C level, the higher your risk of diabetes complications.